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What is the SUI Tax Rate?

Unfortunately, part of being a wise business owner is knowing when to lay people off. This may save a business money in the long run, but a consequence of doing so is that one's taxes go up. The SUI (State Unemployment Insurance) is a employer-funded tax that gives short-term benefits to those who lost or left their jobs for a variety of reasons. Some of these reasons include, but are not limited to, being laid off, being fired for reasons other than misconduct, or leaving due to health or personal problems.

The amount of SUI a company pays is proportional to the SUI rates they are eligible for. This rate changes depending on the amount of money an employer pays their employees as well as the number of employees laid off. It can range from 0.1% to 15.0977% depending on your employee's salaries as well as the number of former employee's unemployment claims over the last financial year.

What is the SUI Rate for my state?

Use the map below to find your state's current SUI tax rate. We also provide more information about your state's payroll:

SUI Tax Rates Map

SUI Tax Rates

  • Alabama

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.71% - 6.86%

  • Alaska

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.00% - 5.4%

  • Arizona

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.03% - 8.91%

  • Arkansas

    SUI Tax Rate: 14.4%

  • California

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.5% - 6.2%  
  • Colorado

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.62% - 8.15%
  • Connecticut

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.9% - 6.8%
  • Delaware

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.3% - 8.2%
  • District of Columbia

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.6% - 7.0%
  • Florida

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.1% - 5.4%
  • Georgia

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.04% - 8.10%
  • Hawaii

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.01% - 5.61%
  • Idaho

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.425% - 5.4%
  • Illinois

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.55% - 7.75%
  • Indiana

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.5% - 9.4%
  • Iowa

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.0% - 8.0%
  • Kansas

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.07% - 7.6%
  • Kentucky

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.0% - 10.21%
  • Louisiana

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.10% - 6.2%
  • Maine

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.57% - 5.4%
  • Maryland

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.3% - 7.5%
  • Massachusetts

    SUI Tax Rate: .73% - 11.13%
  • Michigan

    SUI Tax Rate: .78% - 12.94%
  • Minnesota

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.1% - 9.0%
  • Mississippi

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.00% - 5.56%
  • Missouri

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.0% - 13.65%
  • Montana

    SUI Tax Rates: 0.08% - 6.3%
  • Nebraska

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.0% - 5.4%
  • Nevada

    SUI Rate Tax: 0.25% - 5.4%
  • New Hampshire

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.0% - 7.5%
  • New Jersey

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.0825% - 6.8825%
  • New Mexico

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.33% - 6.4%
  • New York

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.7% - 9.5%
  • North Carolina

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.06% - 5.76%
  • North Dakota

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.28% - 10.72%
  • Ohio

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.3% - 8.7% (delinquent employer 10.9)
  • Oklahoma

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.1% - 5.5%
  • Oregon

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.2% - 5.4%
  • Pennsylvania

    SUI Tax Rate: 2.8010% - 15.0977%
  • Rhode Island

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.69% - 9.79%
  • South Carolina

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.06% - 5.46%
  • South Dakota

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.0% - 10.05%
  • Tennessee

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.10% - 10.0%
  • Texas

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.45% - 7.47%
  • Utah

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.2% - 7.2%
  • Vermont

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.3% - 8.4%
  • Virginia

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.17% - 6.27%
  • Washington

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.0% - 7.73%
  • West Virginia

    SUI Tax Rate: 1.5% - 8.5%
  • Wisconsin

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.05% - 12.0%
  • Wyoming

    SUI Tax Rate: 0.27% - 8.77%
*Rates vary by industry.
**Rate range includes Negative and Positive Fund Employers.
***Rates include surcharges.
****Special rules apply to minimum wage standards for this state. Please refer to state laws.

How do SUI Rates affect my business?

SUI affects businesses because it another tax to pay. If a company lays off too many employees, or if an employee termination is handled improperly, it can mean a fairly high increase in the rate. For example, if a 1000-employee business is bumped up to the next tax rate because of an incorrectly handled employee termination, it can cost them as much as $70,000. The increase will not be as drastic for smaller companies, but the example still stands as a reason to keep SUI rates under control.

There are several steps employers can take to ensure their SUI rates stay relatively low. First, and most importantly, the company can strive to lay off as few employees as possible. The fewer employees that take unemployment benefits, the less the rate will be. Make sure all employees are aware of companies' rules and regulations and take steps to make sure they are following the rules at all times. Document as many of the employee's interactions in the workplace as possible. In the event there is doubt that the employee is eligible for benefits, the documentation collected can be used to verify if they are eligible or not. Businesses should also make sure that all unemployment appeals are made within the specified time frames. If the business is late on filling out appeals paperwork, it is more than likely that the claim will be overturned.